Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

Do Cancer Patients Prefer to Know the Diagnosis? A Descriptive Study Among Iranian Patients

Seyed Mehdi Samimi Ardestani 1 , Farhad Faridhosseini 2 , * , Fatemeh Shirkhani 1 , Ardeshir Karamad 1 , Layla Farid 3 , Mohammad Reza Fayyazi Bordbar 2 and Ali Motlagh 4 , 5
Authors Information
1 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
3 School of Pharmacy, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, USA
4 Radiation Oncology Department, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
5 Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: December 28, 2015, 9 (4); e1792
  • Published Online: December 23, 2015
  • Article Type: Original Article
  • Received: December 31, 2014
  • Revised: April 17, 2015
  • Accepted: May 4, 2015
  • DOI: 10.17795/ijpbs-1792

To Cite: Samimi Ardestani S M, Faridhosseini F, Shirkhani F, Karamad A, Farid L, et al. Do Cancer Patients Prefer to Know the Diagnosis? A Descriptive Study Among Iranian Patients, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2015 ; 9(4):e1792. doi: 10.17795/ijpbs-1792.

Copyright © 2015, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Horikawa N, Yamazaki T, Sagawa M, Nagata T. Changes in disclosure of information to cancer patients in a general hospital in Japan. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2000; 22(1): 37-42[PubMed]
  • 2. Kawakami S, Arai G, Ueda K, Murai Y, Yokomichi H, Aoshima M, et al. Physician's attitudes towards disclosure of cancer diagnosis to elderly patients: a report from Tokyo, Japan. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2001; 33(1): 29-36[PubMed]
  • 3. Yamamoto F, Hashimoto N, Kagawa N, Okita Y, Chiba Y, Kijima N, et al. A survey of disclosure of diagnosis to patients with glioma in Japan. Int J Clin Oncol. 2011; 16(3): 230-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Aljubran AH. The attitude towards disclosure of bad news to cancer patients in Saudi Arabia. Ann Saudi Med. 2010; 30(2): 141-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Janghorbani M, Jianpour M, Tabatabai HR. Diagnostic disclosure and prognosis of adult patients with cancer. J Kerman Med U. 1993; 1(1): 12-7
  • 6. Montazeri A, Vahdani M, Haji-Mahmoodi M, Jarvandi S, Ebrahimi M. Cancer patient education in Iran: a descriptive study. Support Care Cancer. 2002; 10(2): 169-73[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Ghavamzadeh A, Bahar B. Communication with the cancer patient in Iran. Information and truth. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1997; 809: 261-5[PubMed]
  • 8. Beyraghi N, Mottaghipour Y, Mehraban A, Eslamian E, Esfahani F. Disclosure of Cancer Information in Iran: a Perspective of Patients, Family Members, and Health Professionals. Iran J Cancer Prev. 2011; 4(3): 130-4[PubMed]
  • 9. Vahdani M, Montazeri A. Physicians and health professionals' attitude toward diagnostic disclosure of cancer. Payesh. 2003; 2: 259-65
  • 10. Shahidi J, Taghizadeh-Kermani A, Yahyazadeh SH, Khodabakhshi R, Mortazavi SH. Truth-telling to cancer patients from relatives’ point of view: a multi-centre study in Iran. [in Persian] Austral-Asian J Cancer. 2007; 6(4): 213-7
  • 11. Al-Amri AM. Saudi cancer patients’ attitudes towards disclosure of cancer information. Middle East J Cancer. 2010; 1(4): 175-80
  • 12. Disclosure of cancer diagnosis and prognosis from patients' perspectives at Hospital University Sains Malaysia (HUSM). Proceedings of the Regional Conference on Statistical Sciences 2010 (RCSS'10). : 256-63
  • 13. Gongal R, Vaidya P, Jha R, Rajbhandary O, Watson M. Informing patients about cancer in Nepal: what do people prefer? Palliat Med. 2006; 20(4): 471-6[PubMed]
  • 14. Wittmann E, Beaton C, Lewis WG, Hopper AN, Zamawi F, Jackson C, et al. Comparison of patients' needs and doctors' perceptions of information requirements related to a diagnosis of oesophageal or gastric cancer. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2011; 20(2): 187-95[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Adams RN, Winger JG, Mosher CE. A meta-analysis of the relationship between social constraints and distress in cancer patients. J Behav Med. 2015; 38(2): 294-305[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Phungrassami T, Sriplung H, Roka A, Mintrasak E, Peerawong T, Aegem U. Disclosure of a cancer diagnosis in Thai patients treated with radiotherapy. Soc Sci Med. 2003; 57(9): 1675-82[PubMed]
  • 17. Pimentel FL, Ferreira JS, Vila Real M, Mesquita NF, Maia-Goncalves JP. Quantity and quality of information desired by Portuguese cancer patients. Support Care Cancer. 1999; 7(6): 407-12[PubMed]
  • 18. Bou Khalil R. Attitudes, beliefs and perceptions regarding truth disclosure of cancer-related information in the Middle East: a review. Palliat Support Care. 2013; 11(1): 69-78[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Mystakidou K, Parpa E, Tsilila E, Katsouda E, Vlahos L. Cancer information disclosure in different cultural contexts. Support Care Cancer. 2004; 12(3): 147-54[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Ger LP, Ho ST, Chiang HH, Chen WW. Cancer patients' knowledge of their diagnoses. J Formos Med Assoc. 1996; 95(8): 605-11[PubMed]
  • 21. Bedikian AY, Saleh V, Ibrahim S. Saudi patient and companion attitudes toward cancer. King Faisal Spec Hosp Med J. 1985; 5(1): 17-25
  • 22. Montazeri A, Tavoli A, Mohagheghi MA, Roshan R, Tavoli Z. Disclosure of cancer diagnosis and quality of life in cancer patients: should it be the same everywhere? BMC Cancer. 2009; 9: 39[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Rodriguez KL, Gambino FJ, Butow P, Hagerty R, Arnold RM. Pushing up daisies: implicit and explicit language in oncologist-patient communication about death. Support Care Cancer. 2007; 15(2): 153-61[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Shin DW, Cho J, Kim SY, Chung IJ, Kim SS, Yang HK, et al. Discordance among patient preferences, caregiver preferences, and caregiver predictions of patient preferences regarding disclosure of terminal status and end‐of‐life choices. Psycho‐Oncology. 2015; 24(2): 212-9
  • 25. Holland JC, Geary N, Marchini A, Tross S. An international survey of physician attitudes and practice in regard to revealing the diagnosis of cancer. Cancer Invest. 1987; 5(2): 151-4[PubMed]
  • 26. Elwyn TS, Fetters MD, Gorenflo W, Tsuda T. Cancer disclosure in Japan: historical comparisons, current practices. Soc Sci Med. 1998; 46(9): 1151-63[PubMed]
  • 27. Hamadeh GN, Adib SM. Cancer truth disclosure by Lebanese doctors. Soc Sci Med. 1998; 47(9): 1289-94[PubMed]
  • 28. Maguire P. Breaking bad news. Eur J Surg Oncol. 1998; 24(3): 188-91[PubMed]
  • 29. Dias L, Chabner BA, Lynch TJ, Penson RT. Breaking bad news: a patient's perspective. Oncologist. 2003; 8(6): 587-96[PubMed]
  • 30. Horikawa N, Yamazaki T, Sagawa M, Nagata T. The disclosure of information to cancer patients and its relationship to their mental state in a consultation-liaison psychiatry setting in Japan. Gene hosp psychiatry. 1999; 21(5): 368-73[DOI]
  • 31. Hosaka T, Awazu H, Fukunishi I, Okuyama T, Wogan J. Disclosure of true diagnosis in Japanese cancer patients. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1999; 21(3): 209-13[PubMed]
  • 32. Jackson T, Davis K, Haisfield L, Dawson D, Lynch J, Regan J, et al. Disclosure of diagnosis and treatment among early stage prostate cancer survivors. Patient Educ Couns. 2010; 79(2): 239-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Lin CC. Disclosure of the cancer diagnosis as it relates to the quality of pain management among patients with cancer pain in Taiwan. J Pain Symptom Manage. 1999; 18(5): 331-7[PubMed]
  • 34. Aass N, Fossa SD, Dahl AA, Moe TJ. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in cancer patients seen at the Norwegian Radium Hospital. Eur J Cancer. 1997; 33(10): 1597-604[PubMed]
  • 35. Bottomley A. Depression in cancer patients: a literature review. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 1998; 7(3): 181-91[PubMed]
  • 36. Tavoli A, Mohagheghi MA, Montazeri A, Roshan R, Tavoli Z, Omidvari S. Anxiety and depression in patients with gastrointestinal cancer: does knowledge of cancer diagnosis matter? BMC Gastroenterol. 2007; 7: 28[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Montazeri A, Jarvandi S, Haghighat S, Vahdani M, Sajadian A, Ebrahimi M, et al. Anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients before and after participation in a cancer support group. Patient Educ Couns. 2001; 45(3): 195-8[PubMed]
  • 38. Masaki S, Ishimoto H, Asai A. Contemporary issues concerning informed consent in Japan based on a review of court decisions and characteristics of Japanese culture. BMC Med Ethics. 2014; 15: 8[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments