Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

Iranian Children With ADHD and Mental Health of Their Mothers: The Role of Stress

Mohammadreza Babakhanian 1 , Soraya Sayar 2 , Masaudeh Babakhanian 3 , * and Gholamreza Mohammadi 4
Authors Information
1 Ma, Government Management, Department of Expert Customers Care, Agriculture Bank, Semnan, IR Iran
2 Social Worker, Shahid Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
3 PhD Student in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, IR Iran
4 Pediatrics, Velayat Hospital, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: March 2016, 10 (1); e2026
  • Published Online: March 15, 2016
  • Article Type: Brief Report
  • Received: December 11, 2014
  • Accepted: April 18, 2015
  • DOI: 10.17795/ijpbs-2026

To Cite: Babakhanian M, Sayar S, Babakhanian M, Mohammadi G. Iranian Children With ADHD and Mental Health of Their Mothers: The Role of Stress, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2016 ; 10(1):e2026. doi: 10.17795/ijpbs-2026.

Copyright © 2016, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Anastopoulos AD, Guevremont DC, Shelton TL, DuPaul GJ. Parenting stress among families of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 1992; 20(5): 503-20[PubMed]
  • 2. Baker DB. Parenting Stress and ADHD A Comparison of Mothers and Fathers. J Emotion Behav Disorder. 1994; 2(1): 46-50
  • 3. Van den Bergh BR, Marcoen A. High antenatal maternal anxiety is related to ADHD symptoms, externalizing problems, and anxiety in 8- and 9-year-olds. Child Dev. 2004; 75(4): 1085-97[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Podolski CL, Nigg JT. Parent stress and coping in relation to child ADHD severity and associated child disruptive behavior problems. J Clin Child Psychol. 2001; 30(4): 503-13[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Fischer M. Parenting stress and the child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Clin Child Psychol. 1990; 19(4): 337-46
  • 6. Soltanifar A, Moharreri F, Soltanifar A. Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Mothers of Children withADHD Compared to the Control Group. Iran J Psychiat. 2009; 4(3): 112-5
  • 7. Sanaei Kamal S, Babapor Kheyradin J, Abdol Mohamadi K, Fathi A, Dolatyari N. Comparing the Mental Health of Children's' Mothers With ADHD And Normal Children' Mothers In Hamadan. Eur Online J Nat Soc Sci. 2013; 2(2S): 449-60
  • 8. Mirzaaghas R, Kohani Y, Tara F. Maternal Anxiety and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children. J Midwifery Reprod Health. 2014; 2(4): 233-7
  • 9. Sprafkin J, Gadow K. An observational study of emotionally disturbed and learning-disabled children in school settings. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 1987; 15(3): 393-408[PubMed]
  • 10. Achenbach TM. Manual for the child behavior checklist/4-18 and 1991 profile. 1991;
  • 11. Reitman D, Currier RO, Stickle TR. A critical evaluation of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) in a head start population. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2002; 31(3): 384-92[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Mahone EM, Crocetti D, Ranta ME, Gaddis A, Cataldo M, Slifer KJ, et al. A preliminary neuroimaging study of preschool children with ADHD. Clin Neuropsychol. 2011; 25(6): 1009-28[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Cussen A, Sciberras E, Ukoumunne OC, Efron D. Relationship between symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and family functioning: a community-based study. Eur J Pediatr. 2012; 171(2): 271-80[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Motoyama K, Matsuzaka T, Nagaoka T, Matsuo M. [The effect of parent training program on children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders and/or pervasive developmental disorders]. No To Hattatsu. 2012; 44(4): 289-94[PubMed]
  • 15. Richards LM. It is time for a more integrated bio-psycho-social approach to ADHD. Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2013; 18(4): 483-503[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Harrison C, Sofronoff K. ADHD and parental psychological distress: role of demographics, child behavioral characteristics, and parental cognitions. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2002; 41(6): 703-11[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments