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Sleep Quality and Its Correlation with General Health in Pre-university Students of Karaj, Iran

AUTHORS

Amir-Abbas Keshavarz Akhlagh 1 , * , Mir Farhad Ghalebandi 2

1 Psychiatrist, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Tehran Psychiatric Institute, Tehran, Iran

2 Iran University of Medical Sciences and Tehran Psychiatric Institute, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Keshavarz Akhlagh A, Ghalebandi M F. Sleep Quality and Its Correlation with General Health in Pre-university Students of Karaj, Iran, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2009 ; 3(1):44-9.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 3 (1); 44-9
Published Online: June 30, 2009
Article Type: Original Article
Received: December 25, 2008
Accepted: March 05, 2009

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Abstract

Objective: Sleep quality affects on physical and psychological well being and even academic functions of students. Indeed, sleep quality has been suggested as an individual index of general health. Among adolescents and young adults, poor sleep quality is common. The aim of this survey was to determine the sleep quality and its correlation with general health in 18-year-old Iranian students.

Methods: Simple random sampling was used to select 1000 students from all of the Karaj non-private preuniversity schools for this cross sectional study. These students were asked to complete two self-report questionnaires; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and General Health Questionnaire-28. Nine hundred and forty three students were entered into the final analysis.

Results: Poor sleep quality and poor general health were observed in 56% and 42% of participants, respectively. In both of them the difference between boys and girls was significant (P<0.05). Poor general health was noticed in 55% of students with poor sleep quality. Also, there were a positive correlation between sleep quality and general health.

Conclusion: The prevalence of poor sleep quality in Iranian pre-university students is higher than that of many other countries. Further researches are required for finding the etiology.

Keywords

General Health General Health Questionnaire Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Student Sleep Quality

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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