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The Prevalence of Cigarette Smoking, Alcohol Consumption, Psychostimulant and Cannabinoid Drugs Abuse among 15 to 35 Years Old Tehranis

AUTHORS

Mustafa Hamdieh 1 , * , Ashraf Borujerdi 2 , Nabi Motalebi 3 , Maryam Abbasinejad 2 , Hossein Asheri 2 , Amir Motamedi 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Taleghani Hospital, Tehran, Iran

2 Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Iranian Academic Center for Education, Culture, and Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Hamdieh M, Borujerdi A, Motalebi N, Abbasinejad M, Asheri H, et al. The Prevalence of Cigarette Smoking, Alcohol Consumption, Psychostimulant and Cannabinoid Drugs Abuse among 15 to 35 Years Old Tehranis, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2010 ; 4(2):26-30.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 4 (2); 26-30
Published Online: December 31, 2010
Article Type: Original Article
Received: March 07, 2009
Accepted: April 25, 2010

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Abstract

Objective: This cross-sectional study was performed to give us a comprehensive view on the prevalence of cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, psychostimulants, and cannabinoid drug abuse among teenagers and adults ranging 15 to 35 years old residing in Tehran during the first 6 months of the year 2005.

Methods: Eight thousand one hundred and seventy five individuals from the 22 city councils participated in a survey from January to June 2005.

Results: In answer to the question about psychostimulant drug abuse, 89.5% answered "No", 7% answered "Yes" and 3.6% did not answer this question. The prevalence of cannabinoid drug abuse was 3.8%, psychostimulant drug abuse 7.2%, and alcohol consumption 25.7%. Mean age in each group of substance abusers was similar to that of the whole sample and significantly higher in males. Marriage was a variable which had a significant correlation with low prevalence of drug abuse and alcohol consumption.

Conclusion:The frequency of alcohol consumption is high in our sample (25.7%) proceeded by psychostimulant (7.2%) and cannabinoid drug abuse (3.8%).

Declaration of interest: None.

Keywords

Alcohol Cannabis Cigarette Epidemiology Psychostimulants

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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