Cite Score:
0.68
ELSEVIER SCOPUS

Comparing the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Stages of Change Model on Improving Abstinence Self-Efficacy in Iranian Substance Dependent Adolescents

AUTHORS

Mostafa Jafari 1 , Shahriar Shahid 1 , * , Alireza Abedin 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Jafari M, Shahid S, Abedin A. Comparing the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Stages of Change Model on Improving Abstinence Self-Efficacy in Iranian Substance Dependent Adolescents, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2012 ; 6(2):7-15.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 6 (2); 7-15
Published Online: December 30, 2012
Article Type: Original Article
Received: March 09, 2012
Revised: March 09, 2012
Accepted: September 09, 2012

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Objective: The present study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of two therapeutic approaches, namely, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Stages of Change Model (SOC) on improving abstinence self-efficacy in adolescent addicts.

Methods: Forty five self-referred adolescent addicts were randomly selected to take part in this study. Initial assessment was made using the following questionnaires: The University of Rhodes Island Change Assessment (URICA), General Self–Efficacy Questionnaire (GSE), and Adolescent Self–Efficacy Scale (ASES). Subjects were placed in two experimental (CBT, SOC) groups and one control group (three groups in all). The two experimental groups received twice a week interventions for 12 weeks and then were post tested and once again reassessed in a two-month follow up.

Results: Results clearly highlighted the effectiveness of the two models of intervention on general and special self-efficacy. The effectiveness of SOC proved greater than CBT on general self-efficacy in both posttest as well as the two-month follow up. Whereas CBT was more effective than SOC on special self-efficacy in posttest, SOC was more effective than CBT on dimensions of special self-efficacy in the follow up assessment.

Conclusions: Both CBT and SOC improve general and situational self-efficacy. Hence SOC may have more permanent and long lasting effect on self-efficacy than CBT.

Declaration of Interest: None.

Citation: Comparing the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Stages of Change Model on improving abstinence self-efficacy in Iranian substance dependent adolescents. Jafari M, ShahidiS, Abedin A. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2012; 6(2): 7-15.

Registration ID in IRCT: IRCT201112138394N1

Keywords

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Self-efficacy Stages of Change Model Substance dependence.

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

Full text is available in the PDF.

References

  • 1. References are available in the PDF.
  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: