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The Relationship between Metacognition and Obsessive Beliefs, and Procrastination in Students of Tabriz and Mohaghegh Ardabili Universities, Iran

AUTHORS

Hasan Sadeghi 1 , * , Nader Hajloo 2 , Karim Babayi 3 , Maryam Shahri 1

1 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil Branch, Ardabil, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran

How to Cite: Sadeghi H, Hajloo N, Babayi K , Shahri M. The Relationship between Metacognition and Obsessive Beliefs, and Procrastination in Students of Tabriz and Mohaghegh Ardabili Universities, Iran, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014 ; 8(1):42-50.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 8 (1); 42-50
Published Online: March 30, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: September 08, 2011
Revised: August 15, 2013
Accepted: September 23, 2013

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of the current study is to investigate the relationship between metacognition and obsessive beliefs, and procrastination.

Methods: 285 students of Tabriz and Mohaghegh Ardabili Universities, Iran, were selected by random sampling, and completed the metacognition (MCQ-30) questionnaire, obsessive beliefs questionnaire (OBQ-44), and General Procrastination Scale. The research method was descriptive. Data was implemented by structural equation modeling, using Amos software (version 19) and Anderson and Greenberg’s (1988) two-step approach was followed. First, the model measurement, and then the structural model were examined.

Results: Results showed that obsessive beliefs and metacognitive beliefs, directly and indirectly, predict the behavior of procrastination. Cognitive confidence, need for control of thoughts, and positive beliefs about worry from metacognitive beliefs were positively and significantly correlated with procrastination. In addition, cognitive self-consciousness was inversely correlated with procrastination. Perfectionism/certainty from obsessive beliefs was inversely correlated with procrastination. Moreover, the relationship between obsessive beliefs and metacognitive beliefs were positive and significant.

Conclusion: Our findings show a significant relationship between obsessive and metacognitive beliefs and procrastination. To reduce behaviors of procrastination, control of obsessive beliefs and metacognition seems to be necessary. Moreover, controlling and shaping metacognitive beliefs can be effective in reducing compulsive behavior.

Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Sadeghi H, Hajloo N, Babayi K, Shahri M. The relationship between metacognition and obsessive beliefs, and procrastination in students of Tabriz and Mohaghegh Ardabili Universities, Iran. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2014; 8(1): 42-50.

Keywords

Metacognitive Beliefs Obsessive Beliefs Procrastination

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