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The Efficacy of Group Metacognitive Therapy on Self-Esteem and Mental Health of Patients Suffering from Major Depressive Disorder

AUTHORS

Vahid Farahmand 1 , Ramezan Hassanzadeh 1 , Bahram Mirzaian 1 , Mohammad Reza Fayyazi Bordbar 2 , * , Jaleh Feizi 3

1 Department of Psychology, School of Humanities, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran

2 Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

How to Cite: Farahmand V, Hassanzadeh R , Mirzaian B , Fayyazi Bordbar M R, Feizi J. The Efficacy of Group Metacognitive Therapy on Self-Esteem and Mental Health of Patients Suffering from Major Depressive Disorder, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014 ; 8(2):4-10.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 8 (2); 4-10
Published Online: June 30, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: August 27, 2013
Revised: December 04, 2013
Accepted: January 16, 2014

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Abstract

Objective: The present research aims to analyze the efficacy of group metacognitive therapy (MCT) on selfesteem and mental Health of those who suffer from major depressive disorder.

Methods: The research was a randomized clinical controlled trial, using pretest and posttest with 2 months of follow-up. Twenty-two patients with major depressive disorder based on DSM-IV-TR criteria were selected through available sampling from patients of two psychiatric hospitals of Mashhad, Iran, in 2011. They were allocated randomly into two groups of trial (n = 11) and control (n = 11). Citalopram and sertraline were prescribed as antidepressant to both groups. The experimental group also attended nine 90-minute sessions of MCT (a 5-week program). Eysenck self-esteem scale (ESES) and Mental Health Checklist (MHC) were used in pretest, posttest, and follow-up as the study instrument. The data were analyzed by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) using SPSS.

Results: ANCOVA revealed that the patients receiving group MCT had significantly increased (p < 0.001) self-esteem in posttest, which remained significant in the follow up (p < 0.001). Moreover, mental health scores had increased in the MCT group (posttest, p < 0.001; follow up, p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Group MCT has beneficial therapeutic roles in improving the self-steam and recuperation of mental health in MDD patients.

Declaration of interest: None.

Clinical Trial Registration-URL: http://www.irct.ir. Unique identifier: TRCT201201162611N3.

Citation: Farahmand V, Hassanzadeh R, Mirzaian B, Fayyazi Bordbar MR, Feizi J. The efficacy of group metacognitive therapy on self-esteem and menta

Keywords

Major Depressive Disorder Mental Health Metacognitive Therapy Self-esteem

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