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Comparison of Temperament and Character in Major Depressive Disorder Versus Bipolar II Disorder

AUTHORS

Sara Bensaeed 1 , Atefeh Ghanbari Jolfaei 2 , * , Farhad Jomehri 3 , Alireza Moradi 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Rasol-e Akram Hospital, Niayesh St. Sattarkhan St., Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, School of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabii University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Psychology, School of Psychology, Tarbiyat Moalem University, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Bensaeed S, Ghanbari Jolfaei A, Jomehri F, Moradi A. Comparison of Temperament and Character in Major Depressive Disorder Versus Bipolar II Disorder, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014 ; 8(3):28-32.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 8 (3); 28-32
Published Online: September 30, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: October 20, 2013
Revised: December 23, 2013
Accepted: June 21, 2014

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Abstract

Objective: The aim was to determine how personality of major depressive disorder (MDD) patients is different from that of bipolar II disorder (BIID) patients.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, two groups of patients with MDD (47 patients) and BIID (45 patients) between 18 and 55 years old were included and compared. The research instrument that subjects answered to was Temperament and Characteristic Inventory-125-R.

Results: Among temperament dimensions, novelty seeking, and reward-dependently in contrast with other traits such as harm avoidance and persistence showed a significant difference between the two studied groups. Among characteristic dimensions, self-direction and self-transcendence demonstrated a significant difference between the two groups (p < 0.005).

Conclusion: Patients suffering from BIID are sensation seeker and are motivated by stimulates more often than MDD patients are. They feel euphoria more and, find the world more stimulating.

Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Bensaeed S, Ghanbari Jolfaei A, Jomehri F, Moradi A. Comparison of temperament and character in major depressive disorder versus bipolar II disorder. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2014; 8(3): 28-32.

Keywords

Bipolar II Disorder Major Depressive Disorder Temperament and Character

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