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Premenstrual Syndrome and Comorbid Depression Among Medical Students in the Internship Stage: A Descriptive Study

AUTHORS

Seyed Saeed Sadr 1 , Seyed Mehdi Samimi Ardestani 2 , * , Katayoon Razjouyan 3 , Mahboobeh Daneshvar 4 , Ghazal Zahed 5

1 Department of Psychiatry, Imam Hossein Medical Center, Behavior Sciences Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Psychiatric Ward, Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahid Madani (Nezam Abad Street), Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Imam Hosein Medical Center, Behavior Sciences Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 General Practitioner, Tehran, Iran

5 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Mofid Medical Center, Behavior Sciences Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Sadr S S, Samimi Ardestani S M, Razjouyan K, Daneshvar M, Zahed G. Premenstrual Syndrome and Comorbid Depression Among Medical Students in the Internship Stage: A Descriptive Study, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014 ; 8(4):74-9.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 8 (4); 74-9
Published Online: December 30, 2014
Article Type: Brief Report
Received: November 23, 2013
Revised: February 01, 2014
Accepted: June 05, 2014

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Abstract

Objective: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a cluster of physical and emotional changes that typically begins several days before the menstrual period that disappears quickly after menstruation. It seems that cooccurrence of depression increases the risk and severity of this syndrome. In this cross-sectional research, we evaluated an association between PMS and depression in medical students.

Methods: A hundred female medical students of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences that were available assigned for research. They were divided into two groups after administration of demographic questionnaire and PMS questionnaire made by researchers based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition-Technical Revision; group with or without PMS diagnosis. Then, they completed Beck’s Depression Inventory.

Results: From 100 participants, 55% (n = 55) met the PMS criteria and 45% had no PMS. In the PMS group 30% (n = 17) had no depression; 38% (n = 21) had mild depression; 23% (n = 13) had moderate depression; and 7% (n = 4) had severe depression. In the group with no PMS 60% (n = 27) had no depression; 20% (n = 9) had mild depression; 17% (n = 8) had moderate depression; 2% (n = 1) had severe depression. The rate of depression was significantly higher in PMS group (p = 0.04).

Conclusion: In this research, PMS had an elevated frequency in medical students. In students with PMS, rate of depression was higher than students without PMS.

Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Sadr SS, Samimi Ardestani SM, Razjouyan K, Daneshvari M, Zahed Gh. Premenstrual syndrome and comorbid depression among medical students in the internship stage: a descriptive study. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2014; 8(4): 74-9

Keywords

Depression Medical Students Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder Premenstrual Syndrome

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