Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

Sexual Dysfunction and its Associated Factors in Breast Cancer Patients After Mastectomy

Samira Abdollahi Chirani 1 , Forouzan Elyasi Array , * and Bahram Mirzaian 4
Authors Information
1 Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, IR Iran
2 Department of Psychiatry, Collage of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran
3 Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran
4 Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: March 2017, 11 (1); e3482
  • Published Online: October 10, 2016
  • Article Type: Original Article
  • Received: July 10, 2015
  • Revised: July 15, 2016
  • Accepted: September 23, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijpbs.3482

To Cite: Abdollahi Chirani S, Elyasi F, Mirzaian B. Sexual Dysfunction and its Associated Factors in Breast Cancer Patients After Mastectomy, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2017 ; 11(1):e3482. doi: 10.5812/ijpbs.3482.

Copyright © 2016, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Materials and Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Jamalian R. Information about Radiology and Oncology. The fight against cancer. [in Persian] 1998;
  • 2. Chen PY, Chang HC. The coping process of patients with cancer. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2012; 16(1): 10-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. National Report on Cancer Registration. [in Persian] 2007;
  • 4. Noorani S, Jonaidy E, Shakeri MT, Mokhber N. Comparison of Quality of life in Fertile and Infertile Women Referred to the Public Clinics in Mashhad. [in Persian] IJOGI. 2012; 15(7): 24-31[DOI]
  • 5. Bober SL, Varela VS. Sexuality in adult cancer survivors: challenges and intervention. J Clin Oncol. 2012; 30(30): 3712-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Krebs LU. Sexual health during cancer treatment. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2012; 732: 61-76[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Schover LR. Sexuality and fertility after cancer. 1997;
  • 8. Dennerstein L, Dudley EC, Hopper JL, Burger H. Sexuality, hormones and the menopausal transition. Maturitas. 1997; 26(2): 83-93[PubMed]
  • 9. Mohammadi K, Rahnama P, Moayed S, Faghihzadeh S, Sahraian MA, Mohammaditabar S, et al. Sexual dysfunction and predisposing factors in women with multiple sclerosis. [in Persian] Payesh. 2013; 12: 71-7
  • 10. Sexuality and Cancer: For the Woman with Cancer and Her Partner. 2015;
  • 11. Gahanfar SH, Molayinejad M. Text book of Sexual dysfunction. 2002;
  • 12. Anllo LM. Sexual life after breast cancer. J Sex Marital Ther. 2000; 26(3): 241-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Bakewell RT, Volker DL. Sexual dysfunction related to the treatment of young women with breast cancer. Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2005; 9(6): 697-702[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Barni S, Mondin R. Sexual dysfunction in treated breast cancer patients. Ann Oncol. 1997; 8(2): 149-53
  • 15. Fobair P, Stewart SL, Chang S, D'Onofrio C, Banks PJ, Bloom JR. Body image and sexual problems in young women with breast cancer. Psychooncology. 2006; 15(7): 579-94[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Parker PA, Youssef A, Walker S, Basen-Engquist K, Cohen L, Gritz ER, et al. Short-term and long-term psychosocial adjustment and quality of life in women undergoing different surgical procedures for breast cancer. Ann Surg Oncol. 2007; 14(11): 3078-89[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Han J, Grothuesmann D, Neises M, Hille U, Hillemanns P. Quality of life and satisfaction after breast cancer operation. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2010; 282(1): 75-82[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Lam WW, Li WW, Bonanno GA, Mancini AD, Chan M, Or A, et al. Trajectories of body image and sexuality during the first year following diagnosis of breast cancer and their relationship to 6 years psychosocial outcomes. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2012; 131(3): 957-67[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Gilbert E, Ussher JM, Perz J. Sexuality after breast cancer: a review. Maturitas. 2010; 66(4): 397-407[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Panjari M, Bell RJ, Davis SR. Sexual function after breast cancer. J Sex Med. 2011; 8(1): 294-302[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Cardoso F, Loibl S, Pagani O, Graziottin A, Panizza P, Martincich L, et al. The European Society of Breast Cancer Specialists recommendations for the management of young women with breast cancer. Eur J Cancer. 2012; 48(18): 3355-77[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Mohammadi M, Heidari M, Faghihzadeh S. The female sexual function index: validation study of the Iranian version. [in Persian] Payesh. 2009; 7: 269-78
  • 23. Mohammadi SZ, Ghaffari F. Sexual dysfunction and its correlation with quality of life among women affected with cancer. [in Persian] Iran J Obstetrics Gynecol Infertil. 2009; 12(2): 39-46
  • 24. Yang EJ, Kim SW, Heo CY, Lim JY. Longitudinal changes in sexual problems related to cancer treatment in Korean breast cancer survivors: a prospective cohort study. Support Care Cancer. 2011; 19(7): 909-18[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Harirchi I, Montazeri A, Zamani Bidokhti F, Mamishi N, Zendehdel K. Sexual function in breast cancer patients: a prospective study from Iran. J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2012; 31: 20[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Sbitti Y, Kadiri H, Essaidi I, Fadoukhair Z, Kharmoun S, Slimani K, et al. Breast cancer treatment and sexual dysfunction: Moroccan women's perception. BMC Womens Health. 2011; 11: 29[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Mortimer JE, Boucher L, Baty J, Knapp DL, Ryan E, Rowland JH. Effect of tamoxifen on sexual functioning in patients with breast cancer. J Clin Oncol. 1999; 17(5): 1488-92[PubMed]
  • 28. Andersen BL. Yes, there are sexual problems. Now, what can we do about them? Gynecol Oncol. 1994; 52(1): 10-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Ferrari PA. Psychosexual sequence of gynecological condition. J Sex Marit Ther. 1994; 9: 239-49
  • 30. Bahrami N, Alizadeh S, Bahrami S. Sexual dysfunctions and associated factors in women of reproductive age. [in Persian] J Shahid Beheshti School Nurs Midwifery. 2012; 21(75z)
  • 31. Bolurian Z, Ganjloo J. Evaluating sexual dysfunction and some related factors in women attending Sabzevar health care centers. [in Persian] J Reprod Infertil. 2007; 10(2): 163-70
  • 32. Manganiello A, Hoga LA, Reberte LM, Miranda CM, Rocha CA. Sexuality and quality of life of breast cancer patients post mastectomy. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2011; 15(2): 167-72[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Moreira H, Canavarro MC. A longitudinal study about the body image and psychosocial adjustment of breast cancer patients during the course of the disease. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2010; 14(4): 263-70[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Bakht S, Najafi S. Body image and sexual dysfunctions: comparison between breast cancer patients and healthy women. Proc Soc Behav Sci. 2010; 5: 1493-7
  • 35. Fallbjork U, Rasmussen BH, Karlsson S, Salander P. Aspects of body image after mastectomy due to breast cancer - a two-year follow-up study. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2013; 17(3): 340-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 36. Bektas H, Ozkan I. P66 Sexual dysfunction in breast cancer. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2010; 14
  • 37. Safarinejad MR, Shafiei N, Safarinejad S. Quality of life and sexual functioning in young women with early-stage breast cancer 1 year after lumpectomy. Psychooncology. 2013; 22(6): 1242-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 38. Hasanzadeh Bashtian M. Effective factors on women sexuality. IJOGI. 2005; : 86-92
  • 39. Thors CL, Broeckel J, Jacobsen PB. Sexual functioning in breast cancer survivors. Cancer Control. 2001; 8(5): 442
  • 40. Laumann EO, Nicolosi A, Glasser DB, Paik A, Gingell C, Moreira E, et al. Sexual problems among women and men aged 40-80 y: prevalence and correlates identified in the Global Study of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors. Int J Impot Res. 2005; 17(1): 39-57[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments