Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

Questionnaires Measuring Patients’ Spiritual Needs: A Narrative Literature Review

Ruohollah Seddigh 1 , Amir-Abbas Keshavarz-Akhlaghi 1 , * and Somayeh Azarnik 2
Authors Information
1 Mental Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Shahid Rajaie Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: March 28, 2016, 10 (1); e4011
  • Published Online: March 31, 2016
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: December 4, 2014
  • Revised: January 13, 2016
  • Accepted: March 15, 2016
  • DOI: 10.17795/ijpbs-4011

To Cite: Seddigh R, Keshavarz-Akhlaghi A, Azarnik S. Questionnaires Measuring Patients’ Spiritual Needs: A Narrative Literature Review, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2016 ; 10(1):e4011. doi: 10.17795/ijpbs-4011.

Copyright © 2016, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Context
2. Evidence Acquisition
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Cook CC. Addiction and spirituality. Addiction. 2004; 99(5): 539-51[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Yousefi H, Abedi HA. Spiritual care in hospitalized patients. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2011; 16(1): 125-32[PubMed]
  • 3. WHO definition of palliative care.
  • 4. Anandarajah G, Mitchell M, Stumpff J. Evaluation of a required spirituality and medicine teaching session in the family medicine clerkship. Fam Med. 2007; 39(5): 311-2[PubMed]
  • 5. Clark PA, Drain M, Malone MP. Addressing patients' emotional and spiritual needs. Jt Comm J Qual Saf. 2003; 29(12): 659-70[PubMed]
  • 6. Feudtner C, Haney J, Dimmers MA. Spiritual care needs of hospitalized children and their families: a national survey of pastoral care providers' perceptions. Pediatrics. 2003; 111(1)-72[PubMed]
  • 7. Wesley C, Tunney K, Duncan E. Educational needs of hospice social workers: spiritual assessment and interventions with diverse populations. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2004; 21(1): 40-6[PubMed]
  • 8. Monod S, Brennan M, Rochat E, Martin E, Rochat S, Bula CJ. Instruments measuring spirituality in clinical research: a systematic review. J Gen Intern Med. 2011; 26(11): 1345-57[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Galek K, Flannelly KJ, Vane A, Galek RM. Assessing a patient's spiritual needs: a comprehensive instrument. Holist Nurs Pract. 2005; 19(2): 62-9[PubMed]
  • 10. Flannelly KJ, Galek K, Bucchino J, Vane A. The relative prevalence of various spiritual needs. Scot J Healthcare Chaplaincy. 2006; 9(2): 25-30
  • 11. Flannelly KJ, Galek K, Flannelly LT. A test of the factor structure of the patient spiritual needs assessment scale. Holist Nurs Pract. 2006; 20(4): 187-90[PubMed]
  • 12. Galek K, Flannelly KJ, Jacobs MR, Barone JD. Spiritual needs: Gender differences among professional spiritual care providers. J Pastoral Care Counsel. 2008; 62(1-2): 29-35[PubMed]
  • 13. Hermann C. Development and testing of the spiritual needs inventory for patients near the end of life. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2006; 33(4): 737-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Taylor EJ. Prevalence and associated factors of spiritual needs among patients with cancer and family caregivers. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2006; 33(4): 729-35[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Yong J, Kim J, Han SS, Puchalski CM. Development and validation of a scale assessing spiritual needs for Korean patients with cancer. J Palliat Care. 2008; 24(4): 240-6[PubMed]
  • 16. Büssing A, Balzat HJ, Heusser P. Spiritual needs of patients with chronic pain diseases and cancer - validation of the spiritual needs questionnaire. Eur J Med Res. 2010; 15(6): 266-73[PubMed]
  • 17. Sharma RK, Astrow AB, Texeira K, Sulmasy DP. The Spiritual Needs Assessment for Patients (SNAP): development and validation of a comprehensive instrument to assess unmet spiritual needs. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2012; 44(1): 44-51[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Vilalta A, Valls J, Porta J, Vinas J. Evaluation of spiritual needs of patients with advanced cancer in a palliative care unit. J Palliat Med. 2014; 17(5): 592-600[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Wu L, Koo M, Liao Y, Chen Y, Yeh D. Development and Validation of the Spiritual Care Needs Inventory for Acute Care Hospital Patients in Taiwan. Clin Nurs Res. 2015; : 1.0547738155796E+15
  • 20. Dedeli O, Yildiz E, Yuksel S. Assessing the spiritual needs and practices of oncology patients in Turkey. Holist Nurs Pract. 2015; 29(2): 103-13[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Buck HG, McMillan SC. A psychometric analysis of the spiritual needs inventory in informal caregivers of patients with cancer in hospice home care. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2012; 39(4)-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Taylor EJ. Nurses caring for the spirit: patients with cancer and family caregiver expectations. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2003; 30(4): 585-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Taylor EJ. Spiritual needs of patients with cancer and family caregivers. Cancer Nurs. 2003; 26(4): 260-6[PubMed]
  • 24. Lin YL, Rau KM, Liu YH, Lin YH, Ying J, Kao CC. Development and validation of the Chinese Version of Spiritual Interests Related Illness Tool for patients with cancer in Taiwan. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2015; 19(5): 589-94[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Erichsen N, Büssing A. Spiritual needs of elderly living in residential/nursing homes. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013; 2013
  • 26. Büssing A, Zhai XF, Peng WB, Ling CQ. Psychosocial and spiritual needs of patients with chronic diseases: validation of the Chinese version of the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire. J Integr Med. 2013; 11(2): 106-15[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Astrow AB, Sharma RK, Huang Y, Xu Y, Sulmasy DP. A Chinese version of the Spiritual Needs Assessment for patients survey instrument. J Palliat Med. 2012; 15(12): 1297-315[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Heidarzadeh M, Rassouli M, Shahbolaghi F, Majd H, Karam A, Mirzaee H, et al. Posttraumatic growth and its dimensions in patients with cancer. Middle East J Cancer . 2014; 5(1): 23-9
  • 29. Zamanzadeh V, Rassouli M, Abbaszadeh A, Nikanfar A, Alavi-Majd H, Ghahramanian A. Factors Influencing Communication Between the Patients with Cancer and their Nurses in Oncology Wards. Indian J Palliat Care. 2014; 20(1): 12-20[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Hardwick C. An exploratory study of the nature of spiritual need among the members of an Anglican congregation and an assessment of the implications for the practice of pastoral care 2000;
  • 31. Bahrami M, Balouchestani E, Amini A, Eghbali M. Assessing the effect of two praying methods on the life quality of patients suffering from cancer hospitalized at Seyedo Shohada medical center of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2010; 15: 296-301[PubMed]
  • 32. Rahimi A, Anoosheh M, Ahmadi F, Foroughan M. Exploring spirituality in Iranian healthy elderly people: A qualitative content analysis. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2013; 18(2): 163-70[PubMed]
  • 33. Cloninger CR, Svrakic DM. Personality disorders. Kaplan and Sadock's Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry. 2009; : 2197-240
  • 34. Koenig HG. Concerns about measuring "spirituality" in research. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2008; 196(5): 349-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. O'Connor TS, O'Neill K, Van Staalduinen G, Meakes E, Penner C, Davis K. Not well known, used little and needed: Canadian chaplains' experiences of published spiritual assessment tools. J Pastoral Care Counsel. 2005; 59(1-2): 97-107[PubMed]
  • 36. Lunder U, Furlan M, Simonic A. Spiritual needs assessments and measurements. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care. 2011; 5(3): 273-8[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments