Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

The Mediating Role of Repetitive Negative Thinking in Relationship Between Negative Perfectionism and Severity of Anxiety Symptoms

Reza Abdi 1 , * , Gholamreza Chalabianloo 1 and Afsaneh Joorbonyan 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: December 2016, 10 (4); e5308
  • Published Online: October 17, 2016
  • Article Type: Original Article
  • Received: January 6, 2016
  • Revised: April 12, 2016
  • Accepted: October 1, 2016
  • DOI: 10.17795/ijpbs-5308

To Cite: Abdi R, Chalabianloo G, Joorbonyan A. The Mediating Role of Repetitive Negative Thinking in Relationship Between Negative Perfectionism and Severity of Anxiety Symptoms, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2016 ; 10(4):e5308. doi: 10.17795/ijpbs-5308.

Copyright © 2016, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Kessler RC. Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of 12-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch General Psychiatr. 2005; 62: 617-27[DOI]
  • 2. Hoffman DL, Dukes EM, Wittchen HU. Human and economic burden of generalized anxiety disorder. Depress Anxiety. 2008; 25(1): 72-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Kessler RC, Paul E. Greenberg.The economic burden of anxiety and stress disorders. Neuropsychopharmacol. 2002; 67: 982-92
  • 4. Hewitt PL, Gordon L. Flett. "Perfectionism in the self and social contexts: conceptualization, assessment, and association with psychopathology. J Personality Social Psychol. 1991; 60(3): 456
  • 5. Slade PD, Owens RG. A dual process model of perfectionism based on reinforcement theory. Behav Modif. 1998; 22(3): 372-90[PubMed]
  • 6. Haase AM, Prapavessis H, Owens RG. Perfectionism, social physique anxiety and disordered eating: A comparison of male and female elite athletes. Psychol Sport Exercise. 2002; 3(3): 209-22[DOI]
  • 7. Hallion LS, Ruscio AM, Jha AP. Fractionating the role of executive control in control over worry: a preliminary investigation. Behav Res Ther. 2014; 54: 1-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Noorbala A, Bagheriyazdi MK, Yasemi MT. Looking at the profile of mental health in Iran [in Persian] 2001;
  • 9. Benson E. The many faces of perfectionism. Monitor Psychol. 2003; 34(10): 18
  • 10. Bento C, Pereira AT, Maia B, Marques M, Soares MJ, Bos S, et al. Perfectionism and eating behaviour in Portuguese adolescents. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2010; 18(4): 328-37[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Pereira AT, Bos SC, Marques M, Maia BR, Soares MJ, Valente J, et al. The postpartum depression screening scale: is it valid to screen for antenatal depression? Arch Womens Ment Health. 2011; 14(3): 227-38[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Amaral AP. The portuguese frost mutidimensional perfectionism scale and mood states in portuguese college students. European Psychiatr. 2013; 28: 1[DOI]
  • 13. O'Connor RC. The relations between perfectionism and suicidality: a systematic review. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2007; 37(6): 698-714[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Kung CSJ, Carina KYC. Differential roles of positive and negative perfectionism in predicting occupational eustress and distress. Personality and Individual Differences. 2014; 58: 76-81[DOI]
  • 15. Alden LE, Andrew GR, Mellings T. Perfectionism in the context of social fears: Toward a two-component model 2002;
  • 16. Fresco DM, Frankel AN, Mennin DS, et al. Distinct and overlapping features of rumination and worry: The relationship of cognitive production to negative affective states. Cognitive Ther Res. 2002; 26(2): 179-88[DOI]
  • 17. Flett GL, Paul LH, Dennis GD. Self-oriented perfectionism, neuroticism and anxiety. Personality and Individual Differences. 1989; 10(7): 731-5[DOI]
  • 18. Short MM, Mazmanian D. Perfectionism and negative repetitive thoughts: Examining a multiple mediator model in relation to mindfulness. Personality and Individual Differences. 2013; 55(6): 716-21
  • 19. Macedo A. Repetitive negative thinking mediates the association between perfectionism and psychological distress. Personality and Individual Differences. 2015; 72: 220-4[DOI]
  • 20. Gruber J, Eidelman P, Harvey AG. Transdiagnostic emotion regulation processes in bipolar disorder and insomnia. Behav Res Ther. 2008; 46(9): 1096-100[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Monika K, Douilliez C. Perfectionnisme inadapté, pensées répétitives non constructives et réactivité émotionnelle. J De Thérapie Comportementale Et Cognitive. 2014; 24(2): 70-7[DOI]
  • 22. Flett GL. Perfectionism cognitions, rumination, and psychological distress. J Rational-Emotive Cognitive-Behav Ther. 2002; 20(1): 33-47[DOI]
  • 23. Roelofs J, Huibers M, Peeters F, Arntz A, van Os J. Rumination and worrying as possible mediators in the relation between neuroticism and symptoms of depression and anxiety in clinically depressed individuals. Behav Res Ther. 2008; 46(12): 1283-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Watson D. Further validation of the IDAS: Evidence of convergent, discriminant, criterion, and incremental validity. Psychological Assessment. 2008; 20(3): 248
  • 25. Hill RW, Huelsman TJ, Furr RM, Kibler J, Vicente BB, Kennedy C. A new measure of perfectionism: the Perfectionism Inventory. J Pers Assess. 2004; 82(1): 80-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Jamshidi B, Razmi MR, Haghighat S, Samani S. The relationship between family cohesion and flexibility with dimensions of perfectionism. [In persian] Iran J Psychiatr Clin Psychol. 2008; 14: 199-205
  • 27. McEvoy PM, Mahoney AE, Moulds ML. Are worry, rumination, and post-event processing one and the same? Development of the repetitive thinking questionnaire. J Anxiety Disord. 2010; 24(5): 509-19[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Khaleghi S, Khaleghi R, Shahriary M, Ganjdanesh Y. The Repetitive Thinking Questionnaire : Psychometric properties in Iraninan Students , and Relationship with depression, Anxiety and Social Anxiety. Recent Researches Modern Med. 2011; : 132-6
  • 29. Barrow JC, Carol AM. Group interventions with perfectionistic thinking. Personnel and Guidance J. 1983; 61(10): 612-5[DOI]
  • 30. Stoeber J, Yang H. Perfectionism and emotional reactions to perfect and flawed achievements: Satisfaction and pride only when perfect. Personality and Individual Differences. 2010; 49(3): 246-51[DOI]
  • 31. Rice KG, Jeffrey SA, Robert BS. Self-esteem as a mediator between perfectionism and depression: A structural equations analysis. J Counseling Psychol. 1998; 45(3): 304
  • 32. McEvoy PM, Mahoney AE. Intolerance of uncertainty and negative metacognitive beliefs as transdiagnostic mediators of repetitive negative thinking in a clinical sample with anxiety disorders. J Anxiety Disord. 2013; 27(2): 216-24[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Ruscio AM, Seitchik AE, Gentes EL, Jones JD, Hallion LS. Perseverative thought: a robust predictor of response to emotional challenge in generalized anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder. Behav Res Ther. 2011; 49(12): 867-74[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Wells A, Colbear JS. Treating posttraumatic stress disorder with metacognitive therapy: a preliminary controlled trial. J Clin Psychol. 2012; 68(4): 373-81[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments