Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

Iranian Couples Conceptualization of the Role of Sexual Socialization in Their Sexual Desire: A Qualitative Study

Parisa Samadi 1 , Raziyeh Maasoumi 2 , Mehrdad Salehi 3 , Mohammad Arash Ramezani 4 and Shahnaz Kohan 5 , *
Authors Information
1 Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
5 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: December 2018, 12 (4); e63043
  • Published Online: October 2, 2018
  • Article Type: Original Article
  • Received: October 22, 2017
  • Revised: June 10, 2018
  • Accepted: July 15, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijpbs.63043

To Cite: Samadi P, Maasoumi R, Salehi M , Ramezani M A , Kohan S. Iranian Couples Conceptualization of the Role of Sexual Socialization in Their Sexual Desire: A Qualitative Study, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2018 ; 12(4):e63043. doi: 10.5812/ijpbs.63043.

Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Levine SB. The nature of sexual desire: A clinician's perspective. Arch Sex Behav. 2003;32(3):279-85. [PubMed: 12807300].
  • 2. Regan PC, Atkins L. Sex differences and similarities in frequency and intensity of sexual desire. Social Behav Personal Int J. 2006;34(1):95-102. doi: 10.2224/sbp.2006.34.1.95.
  • 3. Teimourpour N, Moshtagh Bidokhti N, Pourshahbaz A, Bahrami Ehsan H. Sexual desire in Iranian female university students: Role of marital satisfaction and sex guilt. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014;8(4):64-9. [PubMed: 25798176]. [PubMed Central: PMC4364479].
  • 4. Schwartz P, Virginia Rutter PS, Rutter V. The gender of sexuality. Pine Forge Press; 1998.
  • 5. Cubbins LA, Tanfer K. The influence of gender on sex: A study of men's and women's self-reported high-risk sex behavior. Arch Sex Behav. 2000;29(3):229-57. [PubMed: 10992980].
  • 6. Habib K, Soliman T. Cartoons' effect in changing children mental response and behavior. Open J Soc Sci. 2015;3(9):248. doi: 10.4236/jss.2015.39033.
  • 7. Refaie Shirpak K, Eftekhar Ardebili H, Mohammad K, Maticka‐Tyndale E, Chinichian M, Ramenzankhani A, et al. Developing and testing a sex education program for the female clients of health centers in Iran. Sex Educat. 2007;7(4):333-49. doi: 10.1080/14681810701636044.
  • 8. Kaviani M, Rahnavard T, Azima S, Emamghoreishi M, Asadi N, Sayadi M. The effect of education on sexual health of women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder: A randomized controlled trial. Int J Community Based Nurs Midwifery. 2014;2(2):94-102. [PubMed: 25349850]. [PubMed Central: PMC4201195].
  • 9. Schuster MA, Bell RM, Kanouse DE. The sexual practices of adolescent virgins: Genital sexual activities of high school students who have never had vaginal intercourse. Am J Public Health. 1996;86(11):1570-6. [PubMed: 8916522]. [PubMed Central: PMC1380691].
  • 10. Impett EA, Gable SL, Peplau LA. Giving up and giving in: The costs and benefits of daily sacrifice in intimate relationships. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2005;89(3):327-44. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.89.3.327. [PubMed: 16248717].
  • 11. Merghati-Khoei E, Ghorashi Z, Yousefi A, Smith TG. How do Iranian women from Rafsanjan conceptualize their sexual behaviors? Sex Culture. 2013;18(3):592-607. doi: 10.1007/s12119-013-9212-3.
  • 12. Woo JS, Brotto LA, Gorzalka BB. The role of sex guilt in the relationship between culture and women's sexual desire. Arch Sex Behav. 2011;40(2):385-94. doi: 10.1007/s10508-010-9609-0. [PubMed: 20349208].
  • 13. Pop MV, Rusu AS. The role of parents in shaping and improving the sexual health of children lines of developing parental sexuality education programmes. Procedia Social Behav Sci. 2015;209:395-401. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.210.
  • 14. Sharifi M, Arman S, Abdoli S, Banki Poor Fard AH, Kohan S. Iranian parents' experiences about children sexual training: Control, restriction and education. Health Sci. 2016;5(11):376-85.
  • 15. Shehan CL. Sexuality in Iran. In: Rahbari L, translator. The Wiley Blackwell encyclopedia of family studies, 4 volume set. Wiley; 2016.
  • 16. Gheshlaghi F, Dorvashi G, Aran F, Shafiei F, Najafabadi GM. The study of sexual satisfaction in Iranian women applying for divorce. Int J Fertil Steril. 2014;8(3):281-8. [PubMed: 25379157]. [PubMed Central: PMC4221515].
  • 17. Ramezani MA, Ahmadi K, Ghaemmaghami A, Marzabadi EA, Pardakhti F. Epidemiology of sexual dysfunction in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Prev Med. 2015;6:43. doi: 10.4103/2008-7802.157472. [PubMed: 26097672]. [PubMed Central: PMC4455123].
  • 18. Malary M, Khani S, Pourasghar M, Moosazadeh M, Hamzehgardeshi Z. Biopsychosocial determinants of hypoactive sexual desire in women: A narrative review. Mater Sociomed. 2015;27(6):383-9. doi: 10.5455/msm.2015.27.383-389. [PubMed: 26889096]. [PubMed Central: PMC4733555].
  • 19. Corbin JM, Strauss AL. Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. 3th, illustrated ed. Sage Publications, Inc; 2008.
  • 20. Braun V, Clarke V. Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Res Psychol. 2006;3(2):77-101. doi: 10.1191/1478088706qp063oa.
  • 21. Anney VN. Ensuring the quality of the findings of qualitative research: Looking at trustworthiness criteria. J Emerg Trend Educat Res Policy Stud (JETERAPS). 2014;5(2):272-81.
  • 22. Miller KS, Fasula AM, Dittus P, Wiegand RE, Wyckoff SC, McNair L. Barriers and facilitators to maternal communication with preadolescents about age-relevant sexual topics. AIDS Behav. 2009;13(2):365-74. doi: 10.1007/s10461-007-9324-6. [PubMed: 17985227].
  • 23. Ryan G. Childhood sexuality: A decade of study. Part I research and curriculum development. Child Abuse Neglect. 2000;24(1):33-48. doi: 10.1016/s0145-2134(99)00118-0.
  • 24. Lindberg LD, Maddow-Zimet I. Consequences of sex education on teen and young adult sexual behaviors and outcomes. J Adolesc Health. 2012;51(4):332-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.12.028. [PubMed: 22999833].
  • 25. Vanderberg RH, Farkas AH, Miller E, Sucato GS, Akers AY, Borrero SB. Racial and/or ethnic differences in formal sex education and sex education by parents among young women in the United States. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2016;29(1):69-73. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2015.06.011. [PubMed: 26143556].
  • 26. Mosavi SA, Babazadeh R, Najmabadi KM, Shariati M. Assessing Iranian adolescent girls' needs for sexual and reproductive health information. J Adolesc Health. 2014;55(1):107-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.11.029. [PubMed: 24560307].
  • 27. Rostamkhani F, Jafari F, Ozgoli G, Shakeri M. Addressing the sexual problems of Iranian women in a primary health care setting: A quasi-experimental study. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2015;20(1):139-46. [PubMed: 25709703]. [PubMed Central: PMC4325406].
  • 28. Refaie Shirpak K, Chinichian M, Maticka-Tyndale E, Eftekhar Ardebili H, Pourreza A, Ramenzankhani A. A qualitative assessment of the sex education needs of married Iranian women. Sex Culture. 2008;12(3):133-50. doi: 10.1007/s12119-008-9023-0.
  • 29. Ahmadi N. Migration challenges views on sexuality. Ethnic Racial Stud. 2003;26(4):684-706. doi: 10.1080/0141987032000087361.
  • 30. Levine SB. What patients mean by love, intimacy, and sexual desire. In: Levine SB, Risen CB, Althof SE, editors. Handbook of clinical sexuality for mental health professionals. Brunner‐Routledge; 2003. p. 21-36.
  • 31. Robatjazi M, Simbar M, Nahidi F, Gharehdaghi J, Emamhadi M, Vedadhir A, et al. Virginity and virginity testing: Then and now. Int J Med Toxicol Forensic Med. 2016;6(1):36-43.
  • 32. Awwad J, Nassar A, Usta I, Shaya M, Younes Z, Ghazeeri G. Attitudes of Lebanese University students towards surgical hymen reconstruction. Arch Sex Behav. 2013;42(8):1627-35. doi: 10.1007/s10508-013-0161-6. [PubMed: 23979785].
  • 33. Lindberg LD, Jones R, Santelli JS. Noncoital sexual activities among adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 2008;43(3):231-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.12.010. [PubMed: 18710677].
  • 34. Janghorban R, Latifnejad Roudsari R, Taghipour A, Abbasi M, Lottes I. The shadow of silence on the sexual rights of married Iranian women. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:520827. doi: 10.1155/2015/520827. [PubMed: 25705669]. [PubMed Central: PMC4331327].
  • 35. Smerecnik C, Schaalma H, Gerjo K, Meijer S, Poelman J. An exploratory study of Muslim adolescents' views on sexuality: Implications for sex education and prevention. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:533. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-533. [PubMed: 20815921]. [PubMed Central: PMC2940920].
  • 36. Wong LP, Chin CK, Low WY, Jaafar N. HIV/AIDS-related knowledge among Malaysian young adults: Findings from a nationwide survey. J Int AIDS Soc. 2008;10(6):148. doi: 10.1186/1758-2652-10-6-148. [PubMed: 19825143]. [PubMed Central: PMC2757394].
  • 37. Ghaffari M, Gharlipour Gharghani Z, Mehrabi Y, Ramezankhani A, Movahed M. Premarital sexual intercourse-related individual factors among Iranian adolescents: A qualitative study. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2016;18(2). e21220. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.21220. [PubMed: 27175301]. [PubMed Central: PMC4863361].
  • 38. Adhikari R, Tamang J. Premarital sexual behavior among male college students of Kathmandu, Nepal. BMC Public Health. 2009;9:241. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-241. [PubMed: 19604383]. [PubMed Central: PMC2717085].
  • 39. Eniola SG. An Islamic perspective of sex and sexuality: A lesson for contemporary muslim. IOSR J Hum Social Sci. 2013;12(2):20-8. doi: 10.9790/0837-1222028.
  • 40. Tabatabaie A. Childhood and adolescent sexuality, Islam, and problematics of sex education: A call for re-examination. Sex Educat. 2015;15(3):276-88. doi: 10.1080/14681811.2015.1005836.
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments