Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

The New Epidemic Problem of Psychoactive Drugs at Drug Treatment Centers of Iran: Implications for Education, Prevention and Treatment

Sara Dana 1 , Mohammad Effatpanah 2 , * and Alireza Mahjoub 3
Authors Information
1 Shokoufeh Methadone Clinic, Tehran, Iran
2 School of Medicine, Ziaeian Hospital, International Campus, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Research Centre, International Campus, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: June 2018, 12 (2); e63555
  • Published Online: May 23, 2018
  • Article Type: Brief Report
  • Received: January 2, 2017
  • Revised: March 23, 2017
  • Accepted: June 3, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijpbs.63555

To Cite: Dana S, Effatpanah M, Mahjoub A. The New Epidemic Problem of Psychoactive Drugs at Drug Treatment Centers of Iran: Implications for Education, Prevention and Treatment, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2018 ; 12(2):e63555. doi: 10.5812/ijpbs.63555.

Copyright © 2018, Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. World drug report 2013. Vienna: United Nations Publications; 2013.
  • 2. Radfar SR, Rawson RA. Current research on methamphetamine: epidemiology, medical and psychiatric effects, treatment, and harm reduction efforts. Addict Health. 2014;6(3-4):146-54. [PubMed: 25984282]. [PubMed Central: PMC4354220].
  • 3. Alam-mehrjerdi Z, Mokri A, Dolan K. Methamphetamine use and treatment in Iran: A systematic review from the most populated Persian Gulf country. Asian J Psychiatr. 2015;16:17-25. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2015.05.036. [PubMed: 26123235].
  • 4. Alam Mehrjerdi Z, Abarashi Z, Mansoori S, Deylamizadeh A, Salehi Fadardi J, Noroozi A, et al. Methamphetamine use among Iranian heroin kerack-dependent women: implications for treatment. Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2013;2(1):15-21. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.10216. [PubMed: 24971266]. [PubMed Central: PMC4070142].
  • 5. Shariatirad S, Maarefvand M, Ekhtiari H. Methamphetamine use and methadone maintenance treatment: an emerging problem in the drug addiction treatment network in Iran. Int J Drug Policy. 2013;24(6):e115-6. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2013.05.003. [PubMed: 23773684].
  • 6. Rawson RA, Gonzales R, Ling W. Methamphetamine abuse and dependence: an update. Psychiatr. 2006;26(10):131-44. doi: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.012809.103600. [PubMed: 20070191].
  • 7. Alam-Mehrjerdi Z, Abdollahi M. The Persian methamphetamine use in methadone treatment in Iran: implication for prevention and treatment in an upper-middle income country. Daru. 2015;23:51. doi: 10.1186/s40199-015-0134-5. [PubMed: 26578071]. [PubMed Central: PMC4650324].
  • 8. Ghaderi A, Motmaen M, Abdi I, Rasouli-Azad M. Gender differences in substance use patterns and disorders among an Iranian patient sample receiving methadone maintenance treatment. Electron Physician. 2017;9(9):5354-62. doi: 10.19082/5354. [PubMed: 29038721]. [PubMed Central: PMC5633237].
  • 9. First MB, Spitzer RL, Gibbon MWJB, Williams JBW. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis 1 Disorders, Non-patient Edition. SCID-1/NP, version 2.0–8/98 revision. New York: Biometrics Research Department, New York State Psychiatric Institute; 1998.
  • 10. Radfar SR, Cousins SJ, Shariatirad S, Noroozi A, Rawson RA. Methamphetamine Use Among Patients Undergoing Methadone Maintenance Treatment in Iran; a Threat for Harm Reduction and Treatment Strategies: A Qualitative Study. Int J High Risk Behav Addiction. 2016;5(4). doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.30327.
  • 11. McKetin R, Lubman DI, Najman JM, Dawe S, Butterworth P, Baker AL. Does methamphetamine use increase violent behaviour? Evidence from a prospective longitudinal study. Addiction. 2014;109(5):798-806. doi: 10.1111/add.12474. [PubMed: 24400972].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments