Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

Emotional Dysregulation Leads to Reduced Sleep Quality When the Level of Repetitive Negative Thoughts Is High: Findings of a Structural Equation Model

Habibolah Khazaie 1 , Ali Zakiei 1 , * , Mohsen Rezaei 2 , Seyed Mehdi Hoseini 3 and Mostafa Alikhani 4
Authors Information
1 Sleep Disorders Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Sanandaj Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
4 Department of Psychiatry, Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 13 (1); e64661
  • Published Online: February 19, 2019
  • Article Type: Original Article
  • Received: December 2, 2017
  • Revised: July 1, 2018
  • Accepted: October 5, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijpbs.64661

To Cite: Khazaie H, Zakiei A, Rezaei M, Hoseini S M, Alikhani M. Emotional Dysregulation Leads to Reduced Sleep Quality When the Level of Repetitive Negative Thoughts Is High: Findings of a Structural Equation Model, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. Online ahead of Print ; 13(1):e64661. doi: 10.5812/ijpbs.64661.

Abstract
Copyright © 2019, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Hasler G, Buysse DJ, Gamma A, Ajdacic V, Eich D, Rossler W, et al. Excessive daytime sleepiness in young adults: A 20-year prospective community study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005;66(4):521-9. doi: 10.4088/JCP.v66n0416. [PubMed: 15816796].
  • 2. Leger D, Poursain B, Neubauer D, Uchiyama M. An international survey of sleeping problems in the general population. Curr Med Res Opin. 2008;24(1):307-17. doi: 10.1185/030079907X253771. [PubMed: 18070379].
  • 3. Anderson C, Horne JA. Sleepiness enhances distraction during a monotonous task. Sleep. 2006;29(4):573-6. doi: 10.1093/sleep/29.4.573. [PubMed: 16676792].
  • 4. Taheri S. The link between short sleep duration and obesity: We should recommend more sleep to prevent obesity. Arch Dis Child. 2006;91(11):881-4. doi: 10.1136/adc.2005.093013. [PubMed: 17056861]. [PubMed Central: PMC2082964].
  • 5. Randazzo AC, Muehlbach MJ, Schweitzer PK, Walsh JK. Cognitive function following acute sleep restriction in children ages 10-14. Sleep. 1998;21(8):861-8. [PubMed: 9871948].
  • 6. Owens JA, Dalzell V. Use of the 'BEARS' sleep screening tool in a pediatric residents' continuity clinic: A pilot study. Sleep Med. 2005;6(1):63-9. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2004.07.015. [PubMed: 15680298].
  • 7. Smedje H, Broman JE, Hetta J. Associations between disturbed sleep and behavioural difficulties in 635 children aged six to eight years: A study based on parents' perceptions. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001;10(1):1-9. doi: 10.1007/s007870170041. [PubMed: 11315530].
  • 8. Sadeh A, Gruber R, Raviv A. The effects of sleep restriction and extension on school-age children: What a difference an hour makes. Child Dev. 2003;74(2):444-55. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.7402008. [PubMed: 12705565].
  • 9. Ohayon MM, Lemoine P. [Sleep and insomnia markers in the general population]. Encephale. 2004;30(2):135-40. French. doi: 10.1016/S0013-7006(04)95423-1. [PubMed: 15107715].
  • 10. Saddichha S. Diagnosis and treatment of chronic insomnia. Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2010;13(2):94-102. doi: 10.4103/0972-2327.64628. [PubMed: 20814491]. [PubMed Central: PMC2924526].
  • 11. Thielsch C, Ehring T, Nestler S, Wolters J, Kopei I, Rist F, et al. Metacognitions, worry and sleep in everyday life: Studying bidirectional pathways using ecological momentary assessment in GAD patients. J Anxiety Disord. 2015;33:53-61. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.04.007. [PubMed: 26005837].
  • 12. Thompson RA. Emotion regulation: A theme in search of definition. Monogr Soc Res Child Dev. 1994;59(2-3):25-52. doi: 10.2307/1166137. [PubMed: 7984164].
  • 13. Cicchetti D, Ackerman BP, Izard CE. Emotions and emotion regulation in developmental psychopathology. Dev Psychopathol. 2009;7(1):1-10. doi: 10.1017/s0954579400006301.
  • 14. Aldao A, Nolen-Hoeksema S, Schweizer S. Emotion-regulation strategies across psychopathology: A meta-analytic review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2010;30(2):217-37. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2009.11.004. [PubMed: 20015584].
  • 15. Lund HG, Reider BD, Whiting AB, Prichard JR. Sleep patterns and predictors of disturbed sleep in a large population of college students. J Adolesc Health. 2010;46(2):124-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.06.016. [PubMed: 20113918].
  • 16. Baglioni C, Spiegelhalder K, Lombardo C, Riemann D. Sleep and emotions: A focus on insomnia. Sleep Med Rev. 2010;14(4):227-38. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2009.10.007. [PubMed: 20137989].
  • 17. Gross JJ, Thompson RA. Emotion regulation: Conceptual foundations. Handbook of emotion regulation. 2007.
  • 18. McEvoy PM, Mahoney AE, Moulds ML. Are worry, rumination, and post-event processing one and the same? Development of the repetitive thinking questionnaire. J Anxiety Disord. 2010;24(5):509-19. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.03.008. [PubMed: 20409676].
  • 19. Morin CM. Insomnia: Psychological assessment and management. New York: Guilford Press; 1993.
  • 20. Ong JC, Shapiro SL, Manber R. Combining mindfulness meditation with cognitive-behavior therapy for insomnia: A treatment-development study. Behav Ther. 2008;39(2):171-82. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2007.07.002. [PubMed: 18502250]. [PubMed Central: PMC3052789].
  • 21. Twohig MP. Acceptance and commitment therapy. Cogn Behav Pract. 2012;19(4):499-507. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpra.2012.04.003.
  • 22. Cowdrey FA, Park RJ. The role of experiential avoidance, rumination and mindfulness in eating disorders. Eat Behav. 2012;13(2):100-5. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2012.01.001. [PubMed: 22365790].
  • 23. Penley JA, Tomaka J, Wiebe JS. The association of coping to physical and psychological health outcomes: A meta-analytic review. J Behav Med. 2002;25(6):551-603. doi: 10.1023/A:1020641400589. [PubMed: 12462958].
  • 24. Kohn L, Espie CA. Sensitivity and specificity of measures of the insomnia experience: A comparative study of psychophysiologic insomnia, insomnia associated with mental disorder and good sleepers. Sleep. 2005;28(1):104-12. doi: 10.1093/sleep/28.1.104. [PubMed: 15700726].
  • 25. Stewart CA, Auger RR, Enders FT, Felmlee-Devine D, Smith GE. The effects of poor sleep quality on cognitive function of patients with cirrhosis. J Clin Sleep Med. 2014;10(1):21-6. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.3350. [PubMed: 24426816]. [PubMed Central: PMC3869064].
  • 26. Shams J, Azizi A, Mirzaei A. [Correlation between distress tolerance and emotional regulation with students smoking dependence]. Hakim Res J. 2010;13(1):11-8. Persian.
  • 27. Akbari M, Roshan R, Shabani A, Fata L, Shairi MR, Zarghami F. Transdiagnostic treatment of co-occurrence of anxiety and depressive disorders based on repetitive negative thinking: A case series. Iran J Psychiatry. 2015;10(3):200-11. [PubMed: 26877754]. [PubMed Central: PMC4749690].
  • 28. Hayes SC, Strosahl K, Wilson KG, Bissett RT, Pistorello J, Toarmino D, et al. Measuring experiential avoidance: A preliminary test of a working model. Psychol Rec. 2017;54(4):553-78. doi: 10.1007/bf03395492.
  • 29. Abasi E, Fti L, Molodi R, Zarabi H. [Psychometric properties of Persian version of acceptance and action questionnaire-II]. J Psychol Models Methods. 2013;3(10):65-80. Persian.
  • 30. Jansson-Frojmark M, Norell-Clarke A, Linton SJ. The role of emotion dysregulation in insomnia: Longitudinal findings from a large community sample. Br J Health Psychol. 2016;21(1):93-113. doi: 10.1111/bjhp.12147. [PubMed: 26347204].
  • 31. Sandru C, Voinescu BI. The relationship between emotion regulation, dysfunctional beliefs about sleep and sleep quality-an exploratory study. J Evid Based Psychother. 2014;14(2):249.
  • 32. Quoidbach J, Berry EV, Hansenne M, Mikolajczak M. Positive emotion regulation and well-being: Comparing the impact of eight savoring and dampening strategies. Pers Individ Dif. 2010;49(5):368-73. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.03.048.
  • 33. Harvey AG. Pre-sleep cognitive activity: A comparison of sleep-onset insomniacs and good sleepers. Br J Clin Psychol. 2000;39 ( Pt 3):275-86. doi: 10.1348/014466500163284. [PubMed: 11033749].
  • 34. Espie CA. Understanding insomnia through cognitive modelling. Sleep Med. 2007;8 Suppl 4:S3-8. doi: 10.1016/S1389-9457(08)70002-9. [PubMed: 18346675].
  • 35. Li AWK. The relationship between anxiety sensitivity, experiential avoidance and sociability in sleep quality [dissertation]. University of Roehampton; 2016.
  • 36. Hayes SC, Villatte M, Levin M, Hildebrandt M. Open, aware, and active: Contextual approaches as an emerging trend in the behavioral and cognitive therapies. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2011;7:141-68. doi: 10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032210-104449. [PubMed: 21219193].
  • 37. Spoormaker VI, van den Bout J. Depression and anxiety complaints; relations with sleep disturbances. Eur Psychiatry. 2005;20(3):243-5. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2004.11.006. [PubMed: 15935423].
  • 38. Fledderus M, Oude Voshaar MA, Ten Klooster PM, Bohlmeijer ET. Further evaluation of the psychometric properties of the acceptance and action questionnaire-II. Psychol Assess. 2012;24(4):925-36. doi: 10.1037/a0028200. [PubMed: 22545700].
  • 39. Guastella AJ, Moulds ML. The impact of rumination on sleep quality following a stressful life event. Personality and Individual Differences. 2007;42(6):1151-62. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2006.04.028.
  • 40. Carney CE, Harris AL, Moss TG, Edinger JD. Distinguishing rumination from worry in clinical insomnia. Behav Res Ther. 2010;48(6):540-6. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2010.03.004. [PubMed: 20362977]. [PubMed Central: PMC2871974].
  • 41. Brosschot JF, Gerin W, Thayer JF. The perseverative cognition hypothesis: A review of worry, prolonged stress-related physiological activation, and health. J Psychosom Res. 2006;60(2):113-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2005.06.074. [PubMed: 16439263].
  • 42. Slavish DC, Graham-Engeland JE. Rumination mediates the relationships between depressed mood and both sleep quality and self-reported health in young adults. J Behav Med. 2015;38(2):204-13. doi: 10.1007/s10865-014-9595-0. [PubMed: 25195078]. [PubMed Central: PMC4362854].
  • 43. Palagini L, Mauri M, Dell'Osso L, Riemann D, Drake CL. Trait- and pre-sleep-state-dependent arousal in insomnia disorders: What role may sleep reactivity and sleep-related metacognitions play? A pilot study. Sleep Med. 2016;25:42-8. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2016.07.020. [PubMed: 27823715].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments