Major Depressive Disorder: A Comparison of a Focused Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Pharmacotherapy

AUTHORS

Fateh Rahmani 1 , Farzin Rezaei 2 , * , Marzie Nasuri 3

1 University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran

2 ssistant professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

3 Department of Psychiatry, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

How to Cite: Rahmani F, Rezaei F, Nasuri M. Major Depressive Disorder: A Comparison of a Focused Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Pharmacotherapy, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2011 ; 5(1):37-44.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 5 (1); 37-44
Published Online: June 30, 2011
Article Type: Original Article
Received: June 06, 2010
Accepted: February 23, 2011

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Objective: This study explored the therapeutic outcomes of psychodynamic psychotherapy for Major depressive disorder (MDD) in comparison with pharmacotherapy.

Methods: The focus of psychodynamic psychotherapy was on the superego pathology and its developmental backgrounds, while pharmacotherapy was done using SSRIs. A sample of 50 MDD patients was randomly selected by clinical interview using DSM-IV-TR. The presence and severity of the depressive symptoms were assessed using the MMPI-2 depression content scale as a symptom checklist, and the Beck Depression Inventory. Twenty five patients were selected for the psychoanalytic psychotherapy group and twenty five patients for pharmacotherapy. After 15 weeks, all the participants were assessed using the same instruments.

Results:The results indicated a comparable symptom reduction in the two groups.

Conclusion: Clinical observations confirmed the psychodynamic inferences about the role of the superego pathology in MDD.

Declaration of Interest: None.

Clinical Trial Registration: URL: http://www.irct.ir/ Unique identifier: IRCT201011032935N5

Citation: Rahmani F, Rezaei F, Nasuri M. Major depressive disorder: A comparison of a focused psychodynamic psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 2011; 5(1): 37-44.

Keywords

Major Depressive Disorder Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Pharmacotherapy

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

Full text is available in the PDF.

References

  • 1.

    References are available in the PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: