Emotional Intelligence and Prefrontal Cortex: A Comparative Study Based on Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST)

AUTHORS

Ahmad Alipour 1 , Zahra Arefnasab 2 , Abdolreza Babamamoodi 3 , *

1 Department of Research and Technology, Baqi y atallah University of Medical Sciences (BMSU), Tehran, Iran

2 Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran, Iran

3 Research and Technology Department, Baqi y atallah University of Medical Sciences (BMSU), Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Alipour A, Arefnasab Z, Babamamoodi A. Emotional Intelligence and Prefrontal Cortex: A Comparative Study Based on Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2011 ; 5(2):114-19.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 5 (2); 114-19
Published Online: December 31, 2011
Article Type: Original Article
Received: November 30, 2010
Revised: April 09, 2011
Accepted: June 13, 2011

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Abstract

Objective: Emotional intelligence (EI) is a set of competencies that enable us to engage in sophisticated information processing of emotions and emotion-relevant stimuli and to use this information as a guide for thinking and behavior. Prefrontal cortexes (PFC) of brain and related regions have an important role in emotion and emotional regulation. Accordingly, we conducted a study to investigate the relation between EI and performance in Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) (a neuropsychological test, used to evaluate some of the frontal lobe functions).

Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 250 volunteers from BS and BA students of universities of Tehran were recruited using available sampling method. Bar-on EI, general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) and Raven's Progressive Matrices were completed by the participants. They were categorized into two groups; each group contained 40 students with high and low EI, whose performance in WCST were evaluated thereafter individually. Data was analyzed by MANOVA.

Results: Our results showed that the high EI group had a better performance in WCST than the low EI group. Conclusion: It can be concluded that people with better EI may have better PFC functions.

Declaration of Interest: None.

Citation: Alipour A, Arefnasab Z, Babamahmoodi A. Emotional Intelligence and Prefrontal Cortex: A comparative study based on Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2011; 5(2): 114- 19.

Keywords

Emotional intelligence (EI) P refrontal cortex (PFC) Wisconsin Card Sorting Test ( WCST ) 11T P 0F P 11T

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