Opioids use in male population referred for mandatory Urine Opioid Screen before marriage in Shiraz-Iran

AUTHORS

Jamshid Ahmadi 1 , * , Mojtaba Naghshvarian 2 , Ramin Afshari 2

1 Research Center for Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Research Center for Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Ahmadi J, Naghshvarian M, Afshari R. Opioids use in male population referred for mandatory Urine Opioid Screen before marriage in Shiraz-Iran, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2011 ; 5(2):126-30.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 5 (2); 126-30
Published Online: December 31, 2011
Article Type: Brief Report
Received: April 05, 2010
Revised: August 26, 2010
Accepted: July 28, 2011

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the prevalence of opioid abuse in a sample of male population in Shiraz, Iran.

Methods: A representative sample of 1219 subjects (aged 16 years or older) who were referred for urine opioid screen (UOS) as a mandatory test before marriage in Shiraz in 2005 were enrolled in this study.

Results: Mean age of the participants was 26.17 years (SD=6.12), ranging from 16 to 75 years. From them, 121 participants (9.93%) had positive urine opioid test. They were retested at least few days later by thin layer chromatography (TLC). The results showed that 22 (1.80%) had positive urine opioid test (based on TLC), whose mean age was 25.7 years, ranging from 19 to 32 years.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that at least 1.80% of men referred for UOS as a mandatory test before marriage used opioids. These results should be considered when preventive and therapeutic programs are being planned.

Declaration of Interest: None.

Citation: Ahmadi J, Naghshvarian M, Afshari R. Opioid use in male population referred for mandatory Urine Opioid Screen before marriage in Shiraz-Iran. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2011; 5(2): 126-30

Keywords

Iran Opioid Use Urine Opioid

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