Suicide Risk Factors in Iranian Patients With Bipolar Disorder:A 21- Month Follow-Up From BDPF Study

AUTHORS

Amir Shabani 1 , Samaneh Teimurinejad 2 , * , Sadaf Kokar 2 , Masoud Ahmadzad 2 , Behnam Shariati 2 , Zohreh Mousavi Behbahan 2 , Mohammad Reza Ghasemzadeh 2 , Sahar Hasani 2 , Mojgan Taban 3 , Shahab Shirekhoda 4 , Zahra Ghorbani 4 , Somayeh Tat 2 , Shabnam Nohesara 5 , Seyed Vahid Shariat 1

1 Mental Health Research Center, Bipolar Disorders Research Group, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Tehran Psychiatric Institute, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Mental Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 * Tehran Psychiatric Institute, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Tehran Psychiatry Institute, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Shabani A, Teimurinejad S, Kokar S, Ahmadzad M, Shariati B, et al. Suicide Risk Factors in Iranian Patients With Bipolar Disorder:A 21- Month Follow-Up From BDPF Study, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2013 ; 7(1):16-23.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 7 (1); 16-23
Published Online: June 30, 2013
Article Type: Original Article
Received: May 06, 2012
Revised: November 06, 2012
Accepted: March 06, 2013

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Abstract

Objective: Bipolar disorder is strongly associated with suicidal ideations, attempts and commissions. Although several studies have been conducted on suicide risk factors in patients with bipolar disorder worldwide, a comprehensive study has not been reported from Iran.

Methods: Patients with bipolar disorder type I, hospitalized in Iran Hospital of Psychiatry since May 2008 to August 2011 were sequentially enrolled. Patients were evaluated using Demographic and Clinical Variables Questionnaire, the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders (SCID-I), Young-Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), and Hamilton Depressive Rating Scale-7 (HDRS-7). One hundred patients were followed for 2 to 42 months (mean: 20.6 ± 12.5 months).

Results: Only one patient attempted suicide during the follow-up period. 33% of the patients had history of previous suicide attempts. Female gender, divorce, and early age at onset of the disease were independently correlated with suicide attempt.

Conclusion: Suicide attempts rarely occur during systematic follow-up of patients with bipolar disorder type I. Larger samples and longer follow-ups are needed to confirm this finding.

Declaration of Interest: None.

Citation: Shabani A, Teimurinejad S, Kokar S, AhmadzadAsl M, Shariati B, Mousavi Behbahani Z, et al. Suicide risk factors in Iranian patients w

Keywords

Bipolar Disorder Cohort Risk Factor Suicide

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