Anxiety and Depression in a Sample of Iranian Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome

AUTHORS

Neda Farzaneh 1 , Mehdi Ghobakhlou 2 , Bijan Moghimi-Dehkordi 2 , Nosratollah Naderi 2 , Farbod Fadai 3 , *

1 Department of Psychiatry, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Scienceh, Tehran, Iran

2 Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Disease, ShahidBeheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Department of psychiatry, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Farzaneh N, Ghobakhlou M, Moghimi-Dehkordi B, Naderi N, Fadai F. Anxiety and Depression in a Sample of Iranian Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2013 ; 7(1):30-6.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 7 (1); 30-6
Published Online: June 30, 2013
Article Type: Original Article
Received: March 15, 2012
Revised: November 10, 2012
Accepted: March 13, 2013

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Abstract

Objective: Previous studies have shown that up to 50% to 70% of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) who seek treatment have psychiatric comorbidity. The aim of this study was to report the history of anxiety and depression in IBS patients.

Methods: The study, designed as a cross-sectional, was performed in a consecutive sample of individuals diagnosed with IBS in the Gastroenterology Clinic of Taleghani Hospital, Tehran province, Iran from October 2010 to October 2011. IBS was diagnosed according to the Rome III criteria. All participants were asked about perceived psychiatric symptoms such as depression and anxiety in the past six months.

Results:153 treatment-seeking IBS patients were entered to the study. The mean age of IBS patients with history of psychiatric symptoms (33.9 years) was relatively lower than those without this history (39.3 years); p< 0.05. There was a significant difference regarding mean age of diarrhea-predominant IBS (IBS-D) patients with history of psychiatric symptoms (26.8 years) and without such history (37.9 years); p< 0.05. However, such a difference was not seen among other types of IBS. The most frequent psychiatric symptoms were reported by the constipation-predominant IBS (IBSC) patients followed by mixed-IBS (IBS-M) and the least rate was seen in IBS-D.

Conclusion: Approximately half of IBS patients reported anxiety and/or depression. IBS-C patients experienced higher proportions of anxiety and depression.

Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Farzaneh N, Ghobakhlou M, Moghimi-Dehkordi B, Naderi N, FadaiF. Anxiety and depression in a sample of Iranian patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Iran J Psychiatry Behave Sci 2013; 7(1): 30-6.

Keywords

Anxiety Depression Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Psychiatric Symptoms Rome III Criteria

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