Effectiveness of Meta-Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder

AUTHORS

Ahmad Ashouri 1 , Mohammad-Kazem Atef-Vahid 1 , * , Banafsheh Gharaee 1 , Maryam Rasoulian 2

1 Clinical Psychologist, Assistant Professor, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry and Mental Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Psychiatrist, Associate Professor, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry and Mental Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Ashouri A, Atef-Vahid M, Gharaee B, Rasoulian M. Effectiveness of Meta-Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2013 ; 7(2):34-24.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 7 (2); 34-24
Published Online: December 30, 2013
Article Type: Original Article
Received: September 06, 2011
Revised: October 12, 2011
Accepted: March 24, 2012

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Objective: The present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of metacognitive therapy (MCT) and cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) in treating Iranian patients with major depressive disorder (MDD).

Methods: Thirty three outpatients meeting DSM-IV-TR criteria for MDD without any other axis I and II disorders were randomly assigned to one of three treatment conditions, i.e. MCT, CBT and pharmacotherapy. The Beck Depression Inventory-II-Second Edition (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Ruminative Response Scale (RRS) and Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS) were administered for pre-treatment, posttreatment and follow-up. Data were analyzed by repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Results: Based on repeated measures ANOVA, all the participants demonstrated improvement in depression, anxiety, dysfunctional attitude and ruminative response. Based on percentage results, all the patients in MCT and CBT groups showed significant improvement at post-treatment phase.

Conclusions: MCT and CBT were more effective than pharmacotherapy alone In treatment of MDD.

Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Ashouri A, Kazem Atef-Vahid M, Gharraee B, Rasulian M. Effectiveness of meta-cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapy in patients with major depressive disorder. Iran J Psychiatry Behave Sci 2013; 7(2): 24-34.

Keywords

Cognitive Behavior Therapy Major Depression Disorder Metacognitive Model Metacognitive Therapy

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

Full text is available in the PDF.

References

  • 1.

    References are available in the PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: