The Study of Two Psychotherapy Approaches (Rogers Self Theory and Ellis Rational Theory) in Improvement of Bowen Self-differentiation and Intimacy

AUTHORS

Naser Yousefi 1 , * , Mohammad Ali Kiani 2

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Family Counseling, School School Literature and Social Sciences University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran

How to Cite: Yousefi N, Kiani M A. The Study of Two Psychotherapy Approaches (Rogers Self Theory and Ellis Rational Theory) in Improvement of Bowen Self-differentiation and Intimacy, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014 ; 8(1):32-41.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 8 (1); 32-41
Published Online: March 30, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: September 22, 2011
Revised: January 04, 2013
Accepted: April 22, 2013

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Abstract

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of rational, behavioral and emotive therapy (REBT) and person-centered therapy (PCT) on self-differentiation and intimacy among divorce clients.

Methods: In quasi-experimental study, 42 divorce clients (both males and females) who presented to the Counsling Center of Sanandaj, Iran were sampled. They were categorized into three groups of PCT, REBT, and control group (each group contained 14 subjects). The recovery indices (dependent variables) employed were the subject of selfdifferentiation and intimacy, which were measured twice before and after intervention of Differentiation of Self Inventory-2 (DSI-2) and intimacy. The therapy involved 8 one-hour sessions. It was held twice a week and therapeutic effects were traced after 8 months.

Results: The results showed that REBT and PCT were effective on self-differentiation scale and intimacy. Also they were influential in recovery self-differentiation scale and intimacy follow up stage.

Conclusion: REBT and PCT were effective on self-differentiation and its subscales (Emotional reactivity, “I” position, Emotional cut off and Fusion with other) and general intimacy.

Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Yousefi N, Kiani MA. The study of two psychotherapy approaches (Rogers Self-theory and Ellis Rationa

Keywords

Intimacy Person-Centered Therapy (PCT) Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) Self-Differentiation

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