Sulfur Mustard Effects on Mental Health and Quality-of-Life: A Review

AUTHORS

Seyed Mansour Razavi 1 , Zahra Negahban 2 , Mohsen Pirhosseinloo 3 , Mahdiyeh Sadat Razavi 3 , Gholamreza Hadjati 4 , Payman Salamati 5 , *

1 Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Health Services Management, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Cognitive Sciences, Institute for Cognitive Science Studies, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Aerospace Medical School, Artesh University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Sina Hospital, Hassan Abad Square, Imam Khomeini Avenue, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Razavi S M, Negahban Z, Pirhosseinloo M, Sadat Razavi M, Hadjati G, et al. Sulfur Mustard Effects on Mental Health and Quality-of-Life: A Review, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014 ; 8(3):11-21.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 8 (3); 11-21
Published Online: September 30, 2014
Article Type: Review Article
Received: November 19, 2013
Revised: July 02, 2014
Accepted: September 25, 2014

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Abstract

Objective: Mental disorders are more common among the chemically injured veterans rather the than the normal population. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of mustard gas (MG) on mental health and quality-of-life (QOL) in the people exposed to it based on reviewing valid published articles.

Methods: We searched English databases including Medline, ISI and Scopus as well as Farsi databases including Iranmedex and Irandoc and reviewed them. The used keywords were in two English and Farsi languages. Forty related full texts out of more than 300 articles were assessed and for their qualification, only the publications in accredited journals were considered sufficient.

Results: The average mental health score of victims using the general health questionnaire (GHQ) was 48.92. The frequency of anxiety was (18-65%), insomnia (13.63%), social performance disturbances (10.73%), severe depression (6-46%), low concentration (54%), emotional problems (98%), behavioral abnormalities (80%), thought processing disturbances (14%), memory impairment (80%), personality disorders (31%), seizures (6%), psychosis (3%). Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common and important disorders with lifetime PTSD (8-59%), current PTSD (2-33%) and the QOL in chemical warfare victims decreased.

Conclusion: Exposure to chemical weapons may lead to physical, mental, social, and economic damages and consequently decrease the victims’ (QOL. Therefore, they should be taken into more care.

Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Razavi SM, Negahban Z, Pirhosseinloo M, Razavi MS, Hadjati Gh, Salamati P. Sulfur mustard effects on mental health and quality-of-life: a review. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2014; 8(3): 11-21.

Keywords

Chemical Warfare Iran Mental Health Mustard Gas

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