The Effect of Self-Disclosure Skill Training on Communication Patterns of Referred Couples to Counseling Clinics

AUTHORS

Eghbal Zarei 1 , * , Mehri Sanaeimanesh 2

1 Km. 9, Old Road of Minab, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Iran

2 Family Counselor, Department of Psychology, School of Psychology, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Andorra

How to Cite: Zarei E, Sanaeimanesh M. The Effect of Self-Disclosure Skill Training on Communication Patterns of Referred Couples to Counseling Clinics, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014 ; 8(3):50-7.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 8 (3); 50-7
Published Online: September 30, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: October 21, 2013
Revised: August 09, 2014
Accepted: September 08, 2014

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Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effect of self-disclosure skill training on communication patterns of referred couples to counseling clinics in Bandar Abbas.

Methods: The applied research design was an experimental study using pre-test and post-test, which was performed on a population of all referred couples to counseling clinics in Bandar Abbas who were interested to participate in a self-disclosure training workshop in response to the announcement. This study was performed on 26 couples who were selected by simple, convenient sampling method; however, they were randomly assigned to the control and experiment groups. A pre-test was administrated before self-disclosure training. The applied instrument includes Christensen and Salavy’s scale of communication patterns. Participants in the experiment group had six sessions of training workshop, each lasted for 90 min. After the intervention, both groups answered the questionnaire again. The collected data were analyzed with paired t-test and covariance statistics.

Results: The results showed that the intervention led to significant (p < 0.05) increase in mutual constructive communication pattern and a reduction in mutual avoidance, demand/withdraw, demanding man/withdrawing woman communication patterns. It was also found that the training was not effective on the communication pattern of demanding woman/withdrawing man.

Conclusion: The training of simple, but important skills of self-disclosure can help couples to improve their communication and consequently improve their marital satisfaction.

Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Zarei E, Sanaeimanesh M. The effect of self-disclosure skill training on

Keywords

Communication Patterns Couple Relationships Self-Disclosure Skill Training

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