Effect of Reminiscence on Cognitive Status and Memory of the Elderly People

AUTHORS

Golbahar Akhoondzadeh 1 , Shamsolmamalek Jalalmanesh 2 , Hamid Hojjati 3 , *

1 Department of Nursing, International Campus, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

3 Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Aliabad Katou, Iran

How to Cite: Akhoondzadeh G, Jalalmanesh S, Hojjati H. Effect of Reminiscence on Cognitive Status and Memory of the Elderly People, Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014 ; 8(3):75-80.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences: 8 (3); 75-80
Published Online: September 30, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: June 02, 2013
Revised: January 09, 2014
Accepted: January 06, 2014

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Abstract

Objective: The present study aimed to determine the effect of reminiscence on cognitive status and memory of a sample of elderly people who lived in aged day centers in Golestan province, Iran.

Methods: This study was a semi-experimental research. The subjects consisted of 45 elderly people who referred to the aged day centers of Golestan province. Each four groups of 45 aged subjects (4 groups of 10-12 subjects) took part in 8 reminiscence sessions which lasted one to one and half hour. Cognitive status and of the aged, before and after taking part, was assessed by Mini Mental State Examination and Wechsler Memory Scale.

Results: Mean (±SD) cognitive status score at pre-test stage was 24 (±2) which increased to 25 (±2) at posttest stage (p < 0.01). Mean (±SD) intelligence quotient was 87 (±7) at pre-test stage which increased to 92 (±10) at post-test stage (p < 0.01).

Conclusion: Reminiscence sessions held for the aged studied here had beneficial effects on cognition and memory of the subjects. Declaration of interest: None.

Citation: Akhoondzadeh G, Jalalmanesh Sh, Hojjati H. Effect of reminiscence on cognitive status and memory of the elderly people. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2014; 8(3): 75-80.

Keywords

Cognition Elderly Memory Reminiscence

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